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“It’s enough to make a Texas oil man drool.”
“Saturn’s moon Titan has rain, lakes, and weather that shapes the moon’s surface as those same processes shape Earth’s,” says this article in the National Journal. “The main differences are that Titan is much, much colder and, instead of water, the rain and lakes are made of liquid methane and other hydrocarbons.” (Italics added)
“A new, animated mosaic from the University of Nantes in France shows nearly the full surface of the moon, including lakes and vast dune fields, for the first time in color.”
What does that mean, “other hydrocarbons“?
Here’s how I explain it in Magnetic Reversals and Evolutionary Leaps (p. 134):
“I know a world midway in size between the Moon and Mars,” said Carl Sagan, “where the upper air is crackling with electricity; where the perpetual brown overcast is tinged an odd burnt orange; and where the stuff of life falls out of the skies like manna from heaven onto the unknown surface below.”
And what is that “stuff of life” that Sagan is talking about? That “manna from heaven”?
Hydrocarbons and nitriles constantly fall from Titan’s skies, said Sagan. Titan – the big moon of Saturn – is socked in as a haze of organic solids formed high in its skies slowly fall and accumulate on its surface. Oceans of water are impossible on Titan (it’s too cold), but “vast oceans of liquid hydrocarbons are expected.”
Created, in other words.
“It’s enough to make a Texas oil man drool,” exclaimed an article in the Seattle Times (21 Mar 1995). New images from the Hubble space telescope show that Titan may have lakes of oil as big as all five Great Lakes put together.
Rivers of Oil
It may be oil, or it may be methane.
Photographs taken by the European Space Agency’s Huygens probe, which landed on Saturn’s largest moon on January 14, 2005, show images of streams, springs and deltas that look eerily similar to river networks on earth, except that these networks were carved into the landscape by rivers of oil or liquid methane. Other images from the Cassini mission show hydrocarbon lakes, replete with shorelines, bays and channels. One lake, as big as North America’s Lake Ontario, has been dubbed Ontario Lacus.
We estimate that Titan “contains more hydrocarbon liquid than the entire known oil and gas reserves on Earth,” says Ralph Lorenz of Johns Hopkins University’s Applied Physics Laboratory.
“Titan sports a complete hydrological cycle, one where it rains methane,” said an article in Sky and Telescope. (April 2005) The methane “evaporates, condenses, forms clouds, and rains back down onto Titan.” Other hydro-carbon byproducts form a photo-chemical smog in Titan’s atmosphere.*
Same on Jupiter.
Our experiments in ionizing a reduced atmosphere show that “it rains crude oil on Jupiter,” said Willard Libby, in his 1969 talk “Space Science” (the same Libby who discovered radiocarbon dating).
Uranus and Neptune also have large admixtures of car-bon in their atmospheres, said the late Thomas Gold in his 2001 book The Deep Hot Biosphere: The Myth of fossil fuels. “It is now generally agreed that there is a profuse supply of hydrocarbons on many other bodies of the solar system, where no origin from surface biology can be suggested,” said Gold. “Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe and also in our solar system. I am sure,” Gold added, “that there were no big stagnant swamps on Titan.”
Why not here?
It seems such a simple question.
Why not here?
If carbon can form in Titan’s hazy skies, if crude oil can rain out of Jupiter’s skies, then why not here?
See other photos from Cassini and its Titan probe during its seven years of orbiting Saturn:
* Bitumen raining from the sky
Suddenly, the old Mexican myths about bitumen raining from the sky (The Manuscript Quiché, Brasseur, Histoire des nations civilisées du Mexique, I., 55), or the old Syrian tales about oil raining from the sky (Ras-Shamra [Ugarit], C. H. Gordon, The Loves and Wars of Baal and Anat, 1943), don’t seem quite so mythical.
Nor do the Midrashim texts that speak of naphtha (petroleum) falling from the sky (Midrash Tanhuma, Midrash Psikta Raboti, and Midrash Wa-Yosha).
Immanuel Velikovsky told of these myths in his book Worlds in Collision, pp. 69-71 and 149.
I receive no funding from any company, corporation, or organization. Thanks, Robert
Good news!A publisher in Italy has now translated Not by Fire but by Ice into Italian.