One of the volcanoes created a new island!
A submarine volcano just off Nishino-Shima Island, Japan, has erupted for the first time in 40 years. The Japanese Navy noticed the explosions as boiling lava met sea water giving rise to plumes of steam and ash.
In Mexico, the Colima volcano blew its top, sending a cloud of steam and ash cloud two miles into the sky. The grumbling mountain could be heard in towns a few miles away.
In Guatemala, ‘Fire Mountain’ belched lava while a moderate ash cloud dropped ash on nearby towns. Shock waves from the explosions could be felt by residents more than 6 miles away.
In Vanuatu, although explosions on Yasur volcano are quite weak, continuous ashfall is starting to build up on farming land.
On Italy’s Mount Etna, a massive eruption lit up the sky yesterday, sending an ash cloud high enough to force cancellation of flights. The lava flow was the biggest in years. The town of Zafferana, which lay in its path, saw some damage.
In Indonesia, the rumbling Mount Sinabung prompted evacuation of more than over 6000 people as scientists feared a major eruption. There have been no lava flows so far but the ash cloud is growing. Mount Sinabung had lain dormant for hundreds of years.
Still in Indonesia, Mount Merapi on the island of Java exploded yesterday. Hundreds of people were killed when it last erupted in 2010. There is no news of casualties at this point.
“So many volcanoes throwing so much gas, ash and particulates into the air can have an effect on climate,” says the website educateinspirechange. “I’m not saying that these volcanoes herald the start of a new ice age but the planet certainly seems to be getting a bit more active of late.”
Continued large eruptions put a huge amount of particulate matter into the atmosphere, and these particles reflect sunlight away from earth and when there is enough of them the temperatures can drop.
The Mount Pinatubo eruption lowered temperatures by around 0.5°C across the Northern Hemisphere.
Considering that we are in a cooling period anyway, having so many volcanoes going off at the same time is not good. Aside from the devastating effects the lava and ash can have on the lives of those living near to them, the global impacts can be enormous.
Lost crops due to ash fall and lower temperatures can lead to hunger and famine, as happened after the Tambora eruption in 1815.
Economic losses due to lost crops and canceled flights runs into millions of dollars a day, as with the Icelandic eruption of Eyjafjallojkull (pronounced: aya fiat la u cud la) in 2010.
Thanks to Nathan Brazil for this link
Indonesia’s volcanoes- Mount Sinabung and Mount Merapi – erupted Monday,
spewing ash and causing another wave of mass evacuation in the country.
Mount Sinabung had remained inactive for over a century before erupting in 2010. In September, the volcano erupted again, which led to an evacuation of 14,000 people.
Fuego Volcano (Fire Mountain)
A surge in activity occurred yesterday, with drastically increased numbers of strombolian explosions and lava effusions.
Current status: Erupting.
Mount Etna erupts, showers ash on towns
Mount Etna, Europe’s most active volcano, has erupted again, showering volcanic ash on towns dotting the mountain’s slopes and nearby Taormina.
The eruption Saturday did not force any evacuations, but a highway was closed for half an hour as a precaution. Authorities also briefly closed two of four air corridors serving the nearby Catania airport but air traffic was not interrupted.
Etna’s last major eruption occurred in 1992.
Eruption at Nishino-shima Produces a New Island in the Pacific
A new eruption at Nishino-shima has breached the surface and started to produce a small island of black volcanic tephra.
The new island (called Niijima) looks small, with some reports putting the island at a cozy 200 meters (650 feet) across and 20 meters (65 feet) high.
Colima volcano, Western Mexico
The current eruptive phase continues. Local newspapers report explosions every 30-35 minutes, with plumes up to 2 km high. Lava flows (and incandescent avalanches) descend on the flanks of the volcano.